Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy which examines how our thoughts, behaviours and beliefs are formed and how they affect the decisions we make.
CBT can help people overcome difficulties in your life and can be useful for a range physical and mental problems. CBT combines a cognitive approach (examining your thoughts) with a behavioural approach (the things you do). Beliefs which often seem hidden influence our we think, feel and behave.
A big part of the CBT sessions is devoted to first examinining identifying, and weakening the unhealthy beliefs, then creating strengthening and maintaining healthier beliefs. which are at the core and influence out thoughts and behaviours.
Beliefs can either be rational or irrational, CBT focuses on the irrational .
Rational beliefs are by their nature logical, we are clear about what we want to achieve, we can see solutions to a problem or situation, we may not like thinking or feeling a certain way, but we do not become overwhelmed with emotions. Whereas irrational beliefs create a distorted view of the world or problem we are facing. It can be hard to see the bigger picture or difficult to see any solution to a problem, we become immersed in emotions which can lead to anxiety, guilt or depression, etc.
The idea behind CBT is that our thoughts and behaviours influence each other. By understanding how irrational thoughts create distorted ways of thinking and behaving, the process of CBT is to challenge and change our irrational thoughts to a more rational way of thinking. Another aspect of CBT therapy also examines learnt behaviours, habits and negative thought patterns.
According to CBT, it is largely our thinking about events that leads to emotional and behavioural upset. CBT addresses attitudes and unhealthy emotions (such as unhealthy anger, anxiety depression, anxiety guilt, shame) but also, other behaviours (such as procrastination, addictive behaviours, aggression, sleeping disturbance to name a few that can negatively impact our life).
CBT is a practical approach to assist individuals in coping with and overcoming adversity as well as achieving goals. During a course of CBT, individuals are taught how to examine and challenge their unhelpful beliefs, which create unhealthy emotions and self-defeating/self-sabotaging behaviours. Unlike some other therapies, CBT is rooted in the present and looks to the future. While past events and experiences are considered during the sessions, the focus is more on current concerns.
We will work together to develop new and resourceful beliefs which help you to live a life of psychological well-being.
CBT has been thoroughly researched and is the NICE (National Institute of Clinical Excellence) therapy of choice for anxiety and depression.
For more information, you could also read on CBT on the following websites: